Unfortunately, once a patient has been treated using a standard first-line treatment, but fails to eradicate the infection, the H. pylori remaining can become resistant to a number of the antibiotics used.
Most people upon waking have transient bad breath which can be cleared up by brushing one’s teeth. However, there are people who have ongoing bad breath problems, no matter how well they brush their teeth or how much fluid they drink.
The endoscope is a long thin flexible tube equipped with a miniature video camera and fibre optic lighting at its tip. It is inserted through the mouth and advanced inside slowly guided by the camera image.
Capsule endoscopy is a variant of endoscopy to reach areas of the small intestine that cannot be reached by gastroscopy or colonoscopy. It also is advantageous in preventing discomfort and complications of both the procedures.
Colonoscopy allows the gastroenterologist to examine the entire large intestine (colon) of a patient. A colonoscope, which is a long flexible tube equipped with a miniature video camera at its tip, is inserted through the anus.