The endoscope is a long thin flexible tube equipped with a miniature video camera and fibre optic lighting at its tip. It is inserted through the mouth and advanced inside slowly guided by the camera image.

Images are seen on a monitor and are recorded for later study and confirmation if required.

Patient care

Appropriate patient preparation, skilled assistants, and monitoring of the patient’s well-being before, during and after the procedure ensures that endoscopic examinations can be carried out safely.

The maintenance of airway and cardio-respiratory equilibrium during sedated endoscopic examination requires dedicated medical personnel.

Recovery is in two stages.

  1. The first is complete when the patient is awake and the blood pressure is stable. This may require additional intravenous fluid therapy.
  2. During the second stage the patient regains all their usual bodily functions, however, may still be drowsy.